Responses to Three USARIEM Job Analysis Questionnaires (JAQs) Conducted with Cavalry Scouts and Armor Crewmen (MOSs 19D and 19K)
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA NATICK United States
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Researchers conducted 3 web-administered job analysis questionnaires JAQs among Army cavalry scouts and armor crewmen i.e. Army jobs, or MOSs, 19D and 19K. Two JAQs addressed MOS-specific tasks the other common soldiering tasks. Tasks were ranked in categories of most frequently done, most important to job, most time consuming, uniform most often worn and perceived expectations to perform task. Tasks rated most critical ot the job corresponded only moderately to those reported as most often performed. Each task included a small to significant percentage of respondents reporting not having performed task in the past 2 years. Across surveys, percentages reporting performing less than half the tasks in the last 2 years ranged from 3 to 19 percent. Expectations and task performance were substantially related. The 19Ds reported performing MOS-specific tasks 19 percent more often during combat deployments than in garrison settings. Notable differences were found in the tasks job incumbents rated as important and those rated as such by subject matter experts. Soldiers also identified many tasks not previously addressed.