NATO's Warsaw Summit: In Brief
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organizations NATOs 2016 summit was held in Warsaw, Poland, on July 8-9, 2016. The summit was the second meeting of the alliances 28 heads of state and government since 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea and began providing large-scale military support to separatist forces fighting in Ukraine. Russias actions in Ukraine and Eastern Europe more broadly have upended NATOs post-Cold War transformation from a military alliance focused solely on deterring Russia to a globally oriented security organization. Over the last two years, NATO has taken major steps to strengthen once again its territorial defense capabilities and to deter Russia. NATOs renewed focus on collective defense and deterrence has created some tensions within the alliance, particularly between those member states more sensitive to the Russian threat-especially in Eastern Europe-and those, such as Germany, with a long history of close ties to Russia. In addition, heightened fears about instability in the Middle East and North Africa have caused strain between those allies more concerned about security threats from NATOs south and those that continue to prioritize deterring and managing Russia.