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Hybrid Warfare: How to Shape Special Operations Forces

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Technical Report

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO and its allies are faced with hybrid threats, which frame Europes and NATOs current and future security environment. One of the significant aims of the current hybrid threats posed by Russia is to create a situation where NATO and its allies cannot succeed. The thesis examines and discusses hybrid warfare with the effort to identify the general characteristics of hybrid threats and warfare to provide crucial understanding of the current security environment and reflect on possible required instruments that play significant roles in the hybrid war. The thesis mainly reflects on events that took place since the millennium and focuses on the effectiveness of efforts concerning potential hybrid warfare threats. The thesis does not provide ideal solutions to the problem, nor does it propose very concrete and narrow approaches to the issue. The thesis does not suggest any doctrinal changes for hybrid warfare. Neither does it suggest any direct changes to the current force structure within NATO Special Operations Forces SOF. This paper seeks relations between hybrid warfare and NATO SOF as the primary, but not lone, military means of hybrid warfare.

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