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The Economic Impact of Peacekeeping in Burkina Faso: A Motivation to Contribute

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Technical Report

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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Within a decade, Burkina Faso has evolved from providing a limited participation to United Nations UN peacekeeping to becoming one of the ten top Troop Contributing Countries TCC. With a relatively small military, Burkina Fasos contribution to UN peacekeeping is considerable and raises questions. This research analyzes the economic impact of Burkina Fasos large-scale contribution to UN peacekeeping on personnel, the Armed Forces, and the country as a whole. It also seeks to understand the economic motivations of such a peacekeeping-oriented military strategy. The study shows that Burkina Faso gains financially from UN peacekeeping, as a country and at the individual soldiers level. It also appears that money is a motivation for its contribution. However, the research revealed that a strong involvement in peacekeeping could negatively affect the national security structure and expose the country. This paper makes several recommendations to optimize Burkina Fasos financial gains in UN peacekeeping and mitigate the risks generated by the export of military expertize.

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