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Combating Stability Concerns and Promoting Development Through Literacy and Education

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Technical Report,10 Aug 2015,10 Jun 2016

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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The United Nations declared education as a fundamental right that should be free, compulsory, and afforded to everyone under The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Education and literacy are crucial for not only human development but also societal development. Literacy promotes democratic institutions, economic security, job opportunities, and general health awareness. Instability plagues countries with poor literacy rates. This is the case for West Africa. It contains the largest number of illiterate adults and greatest security implications on the continent. This thesis examines three case studies of states that experienced tragic wars and low rates of literacy Republic of Korea, Afghanistan, and Liberia. It will then evaluate if the education programs are efficient, effective, and acceptable. This will then help to answer the main research question should U.S. African Command place greater emphasis on educational programs as part of the theater engagement plan in West Africa to enhance regional stability.

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