The Colombian Awakening: President Alvaro Uribe's Integrated Action Approach to Counterinsurgency
AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States
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This study evaluates the effectiveness of Colombias Integrated Action approach to counterinsurgency against the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia Ejericito del Pueblo FARC-EP, primarily from the Colombian perspective. It specifically seeks to answer the following question How effectively did the government of Colombia integrate the various elements of national power-diplomatic, informational, military, and economic-to attain its political objectives of establishing a stable government that provided both internal and external security The American-supported initiative known as Plan Colombia was conceived in 1998-1999 to stabilize Colombias internal and external security situations with a combined anti-drug and counterinsurgency strategy. Prior to 11 September 2001, American involvement in Colombia was largely limited to counter-drug and emergency humanitarian operations. Afterwards, American military involvement and funding expanded to include operations against guerilla organizations within Colombia. Soon after taking office in 2002, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe developed the Democratic Security and Defense Policy to reinstate the rule of law in Colombia and protect its population. This study used evaluation criteria derived from classic counterinsurgency theories, current doctrine, and guiding principles of stability operations to determine Colombias effectiveness.