Implications of the Militarization of US Foreign Policy Through Security Assistance
AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States
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Using the US military to build the capacity of foreign military forces can militarize US foreign policy and possibly harm State Department efforts to advance American interests. This paper analyses DODs Global Train and Equip authority using three indicators to determine if the militarization of foreign policy exists 1 use of military force, 2 rates of growth in military versus diplomatic budgets, and 3 shifts of foreign policy functions to the military. Indications of militarization of US foreign policy are then considered against their overall effects on US foreign policy roles and responsibilities to determine if US interests are harmed. The Global Train and Equip authority militarizes US foreign policy by giving DOD a greater diplomatic role in policy determination, but does not weaken the State Departments ability to implement foreign policy or Congresss oversight responsibilities. Furthermore, increased DOD involvement in security assistance is a more responsive whole of government approach and a proactive military strategy to respond to emerging threats and shape the global security environment.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Government and Political Science