Creating Desired Effects: Revisioning Air Force Capabilities for the Joint Warfare Team in Irregular Warfare, Space, and Cyberspace
AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY Maxwell Air Force Base United States
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While effects-based operations and thinking have created significant debate, joint doctrine focuses on effects as an element of operational design rather than the many variations of effects-based operations theory. There is a critical relationship among desired effects, critical vulnerabilities, and military means. The Joint Force Commanders ability to create desired effects against an adversarys critical vulnerabilities in order to attack the enemys center of gravity using military means is limited to the capabilities of the forces the Military Services have organized, trained, and equipped.