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2035 Biodeterrence: Problems and Promises for Biodefense

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Technical Report

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Air War College -Air University Maxwell AFB United States

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Can the U.S. deter nation, group, or individual actors from employing bioweapons in 2035 The intent of this paper is to inform the debate and influence the way the United States thinks about bio-defense. At the very least the paper aims to better understand the problem by looking at deterrence against nations, groups, and even individual actors from employing bioweapons. The paper illuminates the stakes involved in future bioattack, and it characterizes where the world of accelerating technology, communication, and information will likely lead the U.S., relative to further exploration for the efficacies of deterrence. The paper specifically explores potential deterrence strategies by examining the roots, driving forces, and potential actors. Finally, it examines potential enforcement methods to further support deterrence. This paper begins by assessing shifts in recent history that have led to a relook at deterrence strategies.

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