Deradicalization or Disengagement : A Framework for Encouraging Jihad Abandonment
National Defense University Joint Forces Staff College Norfolk United States
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State responses to trans-national terrorism have long included law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services. Only recently have soft power elements been brought to bear to encourage jihad abandonment. Several nations implement a variety of deradicalization or disengagement programs aimed at preventing future attacks, either by convincing a radical to abandon his or her radical ideology de-radicalize or merely to abstain from future attacks disengage. Though individual program results vary, and measuring success for an ideological concept such as de-radicalization is problematic, graduates of these programs have low recidivism rates. This thesis analyzes established de-radicalizationdisengagement programs, identifies elements that make them successful, and provides recommendations for a framework for a United States-sponsored de-radicalizationdisengagement program, domestically and with partner nations overseas.