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Improving the United States Efforts in Countering Violent Extremist Organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Technical Report

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Joint Forces Staff College, Joint Advanced Warfighting School Norfolk United States

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The United States and its international community partners have helped strengthen Sub-Saharan Africa SSA in many areas referenced in the 2012 U.S. Strategy Toward Sub-Saharan Africa SSA. But despite time and money invested, security in the region continues to be unpredictable, complex, and potentially dangerous. To meet the Presidents policy goals for regional security, the United States must combine resources across echelons, geographical boundaries, and organizational affiliations to address the growing influence of violent extremist organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa. The hypothesis predicts the amount of money and human resources working to combat violent organizations in Africa are not being successful. The goal of this work is to identify opportunities where improvements can be made in building and maintaining success even as governmental budgets get tighter. Recent attacks carried out by violent extremist organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa were compared to the strategic messaging being offered by the United States and used to determine if interagency efforts are meeting the Presidents intent. In the end, the thesis offers a recommendation for building cooperation between the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Military in combating Violent Extremist Organizations VEO and promoting security in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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