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Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

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Technical Report

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Congressional Research Service Washington United States

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Argentina, a South American country with a population of almost 43 million, has had a vibrant democratic tradition since its military relinquished power in 1983. Current President Mauricio Macrithe leader of the center-right Republican Proposal PRO and the candidate of the Lets Change coalition representing center-right and center-left partieswon the 2015 presidential race and was inaugurated on December 10, 2015. He succeeded two-term President Cristina Fernndez de Kirchner, from the center-left faction of the Peronist party known as the Front for Victory FPV, who was first elected in 2007 succeeding her husband, Nstor Kirchner, who served one term. In a close race, Macri defeated the FPVs Daniel Scioli. Macris election ends the 12-year run of so-called Kirchnerismo that helped Argentina emerge from a severe economic crisis in 2001-2002 but also was characterized by protectionist and unorthodox economic policies and at times difficult relations with the United States.truncated

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