Accession Number:

AD1017481

Title:

Evaluation of the Genetic Response of U937 and Jurkat Cells to 10-Nanosecond Electrical Pulses (nsEP)

Descriptive Note:

Journal Article - Open Access

Corporate Author:

711 HPW/RHDR JBSA Fort Sam Houston United States

Report Date:

2016-05-02

Pagination or Media Count:

25.0

Abstract:

Nanosecond electrical pulse nsEP exposure activates signaling pathways, produces oxidative stress, stimulates hormone secretion, causes cell swelling and induces apoptotic and necrotic death. The underlying biophysical connections between these diverse cellular reactions and nsEP has yet to be elucidated. Using global genetic analysis, we evaluated how two commonly studied celltypes, U937 and Jurkat, respond to nsEP exposure. We hypothesized that by studying the genetic response of the cells following exposure, we would gain direct insight into the stresses experienced by the cell and in turn better understand the biophysical interaction taking place during the exposure. Using Ingenuity Systems software, we found genes associated with cell growth, movement and development to be significantly up-regulated in both cell types 4 h post exposure to nsEP. In agreement with our hypothesis, we also found that both cell lines exhibit significant biological changes consistent with mechanical stress induction.These results advance nsEP research by providing strong evidence that the interaction of nsEPs with cells involves mechanical stress.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE