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Comprehensive Approach Training Toolkit: Training Needs Analysis

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Technical Report

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This research was conducted in support of a Defense Research and Development Canada-Toronto applied research project ARP aimed at developing a Canadian Forces CF training toolkit for personnel deploying to operations that adopt the Comprehensive Approach CA. The CA to operations has been described as the ability to bring to bear all instruments of national and coalition power and influence upon a problem in a timely, coordinated faction i.e., diplomatic, economic, military and informational Leslie, Gizewski, and Rostek, 2009. This means that effective utilization of the CA requires collaboration between civilian and military assts. However, due to organizational differences in goals, culture, motivation, and so on, this collaboration has been challenging in the past. This suggests that effective DF engagement using the CA may require additional training and resources. The current study was aimed at assessing the current state of CF training and education for the CA, identifying the needs and gaps, in an effort to develop a CA training toolkit. To this end, a survey was conducted of existing tools available, amongst our allies and within the commercial environment, to train the CA within the DF. Discussions were conducted with subject matter experts that identified issues to be considered in developing the toolkit, and focus-group discussions helped clarify the issues and suggested elements to include when training the CA. Results showed that a. there is a need to between understand CA counterparts, especially other government departments b. training needs to involve CA counterparts to increase its theoretical and operational relevance c. there is a greater need for relationship building with CA counterparts through face-to-face interactions d. CA training should include communication and relationship building skill development e. CA training should include more cultural awareness training that also encompasses organizational culture awareness.

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