Expert Performance and Time Pressure: Implications for Automation Failures in Aviation
711 Human Performance Wing WPAFB United States
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Human-automation interaction has become one of the most important issues in aviation safety. Although automation generally increases air travel safety and efficiency, sudden automation failures have produced tragic results. Automation failure canrequire a previously disengaged human pilot to react immediately to counter a dangerous situation. In other words, automation failure can inflict time pressure on human expertise. Studies of expert performance have disagreed on how resistant it is to time pressure effects. This study examined time pressure effects on some of the most expert chess players in the world. The results show that time pressure can have profound effects even on extremely high-level expert performance. Implications for the aviation domain are discussed.
- Safety Engineering
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems