Reducing Response Time Bounds for DAG-Based Task Systems on Heterogeneous Multicore Platforms
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill United States
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This paper considers for the first time end-to-end response time analysis for DAG-based real-time task systems implemented on heterogeneous multicore platforms. The specific analysis problem that is considered was motivated by an industrial collaboration involving wireless cellular basestations. The DAG-based systems considered herein allow intra-task parallelism while each invocation of a task i.e.,DAG node is sequential, successive invocations of a task may execute in parallel. In the proposed analysis, this characteristicis exploited to reduce response-time bounds. Additionally, there is some leeway in choosing how to set tasks relative deadlines. It is shown that by resolving such choices holistically via linear programming, response-time bounds can be further reduced. Finally, in the considered use case, DAGs are defined based upon just a few templates and individually often have quite low utilizations. It is shown that, by combining many such DAGs into one of higher utilization, response-time bounds can often be drastically lowered. The effectiveness of these techniques is demonstrated via both case-study and schedulability experiments.