Comparison of the Adjoint and Adjoint-Free 4dVar Assimilation of the Hydrographic and Velocity Observations in the Adriatic Sea
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS STENNIS SPACE CENTER United States
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Performance of the adjoint and adjoint-free 4-dimensional variational 4dVar data assimilation techniques is compared in application to the hydrographic surveys and velocity observations collected in the Adriatic Sea in 2006. Assimilating the data into the Navy Coastal Ocean Model NCOM has shown that both methods deliver similar reduction of the cost function and demonstrate comparable forecast skill at approximately the same computational expense. The obtained optimal states were, however, significantly different in terms of distance from the background state application of the adjoint method resulted in a 3040 larger departure, mostly due to the excessive level of a geostrophic motions in the southern basin of the Sea that was not covered by observations.