A Study to Interpret the Biological Significance of Behavior Associated with 3S Experimental Sonar Exposures
University of Saint Andrews Saint Andrews United Kingdom
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The specific objectives of this project are 1. use of state-based modelling e.g. hidden Markov models to assess how sonar exposure might affect functional behavioral time budgets across 3S species 2. quantitative comparison of behavior, and behavioral changes, during sonar presentation and playback of killer whale sounds across the 3S species and 3. quantification of the possible impacts of sonar exposure on energy expenditure by linking respiration behavior and underwater activity recorded by Dtags.