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National Guard and Reserves: Air Force Needs to Consistently Assess Personnel Requirements to Appropriately Size Its Headquarters Reserve Components

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Technical Report

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U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States

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DOD has sought and Congress has directed the department to identify areas to reduce costs by assessing headquarters and overhead functions. The Army and Air Force each have two Reserve Componentsa National Guard and a Reservewith approximately 715,000 members combined, comprising about one-half 53 percent and one-third 36 percent of the Armys and Air Forces total authorized personnel, respectively. Senate Report 114-49 included a provision for GAO to review DODs Army and Air Force Reserve Components headquarters. Among other things, this report 1 describes the trends in authorized full-time support positions at Army and Air Force Reserve Components headquarters as well as in four selected states since fiscal year 2013 and 2 evaluates the extent to which DOD assessed personnel requirements for the Army and Air Force Reserve Components headquarters since fiscal year 2013. GAO analyzed and interviewed DOD officials responsible for documentation, such as guidance and assessments, and conducted nongeneralizeable case studies in four selected states that GAO reviewed in a November 2013 report.

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