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Stability Operations in Somalia 1992-1993: A Case Study

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Technical Report

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Army War College -Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Carlisle United States

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Operation RESTORE HOPE, a U.S.-led peace enforcement operation conducted in Somalia under United Nations U.N. auspices from December 1992 to May 1993, offers many lessons that are applicable to a range of possible challenges in the future. Unlike peacekeeping operations, which rely on the consent and good will of the parties to a dispute, peace enforcement operations involve the show or use of military force in an armed conflict to separate combatants and create, maintain, or reinstate a cease-fire. The Joint Force conducts these operations with limited or no consent by the warring parties. Peace enforcement operations are inherently joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational in nature. They require close cooperation with nongovernmental organizations and the civil society of the host nation. Peace enforcement is complex and one of the most difficult and challenging missions. It warrants heightened study by national security professionals.

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