Effects of Disturbance on Populations of Marine Mammals
John Muir Institute of the Environment, University of California Davis United States
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Our long-term goal is to develop transferable models of the population-level effects of anthropogenic and natural disturbances on marine mammals. Disturbances can affect the physiology or behavior of animals, which in turn may lead to changes in demographic rates and viability. Population-level effects of disturbance also may cascade among species. However, it has proven difficult to identify and model the mechanisms by which individual-level responses to disturbance might propagate to the population level. A clear, quantitative understanding of such mechanisms will inform assessment of trade-offs among potential responses of species to environmental changes and diverse human activities.