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FY2017 Defense Appropriations Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of H.R. 5293 and S. 3000

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Technical Report

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Congressional Research Service Washington United States

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This Fact Sheet summarizes selected highlights of the FY2017 Defense Appropriations Act passed by the House on June 16, 2016 H.R. 5293, and the version reported by the Senate Appropriations Committee on May 26, 2016 S. 3000. Congressional action on the FY2017 defense appropriations act has been fundamentally shaped by the legally binding caps on discretionary spending for defense programs and for non-defense programs, which were established by P.L. 114-74, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 BBA. A central issue before Congress is the extent to which Congress and the President approve Department of Defense DOD funding for FY2017 that 1 exceeds the relevant BBA cap and 2 is also exempt from that spending cap because it is classified as funding for so-called Overseas Contingency Operations OCO. The 2015 BBA increased binding caps on defense and non-defense discretionary appropriations for FY2016 and FY2017, which originally had been codified by the Budget Control Act BCA of 2011 P.L. 112-25. Those spending caps are enforced by a process of sequestration.

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