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Postconcussive Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans Presenting to a Polytrauma Clinic with a History of Traumatic Brain Injury

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Technical Report

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Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda United States

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With the growing numbers of traumatic brain injuries TBIs occurring within the OIFOEF combat theaters of operations, there is a greater need to identify clinical correlates of post-concussive symptoms PCSx within Veterans with a history of TBI. A retrospective record review was conducted within a group of OEFOIF Veterans with TBI who completed a neuropsychological assessment. Differences in PCSx were examined by injury severity, number of TBIs sustained, and time since injury. Correlations of PCSx Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory scores with self-report measures of mood, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms, neuropsychological test performance, and medical characteristics were examined. Higher levels of self-reported PCSx were related to mood, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms, prescription medications, and neurocognitive test measures of learning and recall. In conclusion, PCSx appear to be strongly related to psychiatric symptoms and other factors aside from specific TBI characteristics among treatment-seeking OEFOIF Veterans with a history of TBI.

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