The Relationships Among Perceived Stress, Food Choice, and Body Mass Index in Air Force Personnel
Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States
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Research has shown that perceived stress and its associated metabolic changes contribute to the development of obesity Bose, Olivan, and Laferrere, 2009. However, few studies have explored the contributory role of food choice on the relationship between perceived stress and weight status. Active duty personnel N 192 stationed at Andrews AFB underwent height and weight assessments and completed an anonymous survey evaluating levels of perceived stress, food choice, and weight status. The majority of participants were enlisted 90.5, active duty 80.2, overweight or obese 73, Caucasian 64.l and men 80.6. Approximately half of the respondents appraised their lives as stressful, reporting an average of 13.16 SD 6.56 on the Perceived Stress Scale clinical cutoff 13. However, there was no significant association between perceived stress and body mass index BMI kgm2. Though perceived stress and the variety of foods reportedly consumed e.g., hamburgers, salads were not associated with BMI, there are important implications for the continued scientific evaluation and prevention of overweight and obesity in military personnel through improving food choice decisions during reported periods of perceived stress in real-time.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Anatomy and Physiology