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Factors That Are Associated With Physical Activity Among Visitors To Urban National Parks: Are There Group Differences

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Technical Report

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Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States

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Research results indicate that optimal levels of physical activity PA yield a wide variety of beneficial health outcomes. There are, however, marked disparities between racialethnic groups in meeting the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions CDC recommended levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity MVPA. Urban national parks, especially those near communities of color, offer opportunities to encourage MVPA among their visitors. Nonetheless, research to identify facilitators and barriers to PA in these settings is limited and warrants further investigation. We aimed to identify psychosocial factors e.g. self-efficacy, self-regulation, outcome expectancies, and social support and perceived characteristics of a park i.e. the social and physical environment that are associated with an active park visit. Additionally, this investigation determined if the likelihood of an active visit was associated with visitor sociodemographic characteristics e.g. raceethnicity or age, group composition and weather.

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