Development of a Physical Employment Testing Battery for Armor Soldiers: 19D Cavalry Scout and 19K M1 Armor Crewman
U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Natick United States
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The U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine was tasked by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command to develop criterion-based physical requirements for entry into the seven physically demanding combat MOSs, including the 19 Series Armor. Researchers from USARIEM completed three studies to develop a valid, safe, and legally defensible physical performance battery to predict a Soldiers ability to serve in the MOS. Study 1 involved measuring and identifying the physiological requirements of each of the tasks of the MOS in order to identify a set of criterion tasks encompassing the physical demands of all of the tasks of the MOS. Study 2 involved developing task simulations of the most physically demanding tasks casualty evacuation 19D and 19K, foot march 19D and 19K0 move under fire 19D and 19K, sandbag carry 19D, stow ammo on an Abrams 19K, and load the main gun of an Abrams 19K. In the final study, screening batteries using basic predictor tests for each MOS were developed to fit a range of needs of the Army.