Approaching Career Criminals With An Intelligence Cycle
Naval Postgraduate Schoo Monterey United States
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Career criminals have been responsible for a high number of crimes out of proportion to their small numbers. Efforts to reduce the recidivism rate through intervention programs have not been effective. American law enforcement could be more effective if career criminals were targeted for special attention. Many law enforcement formats, such as community policing, problem-oriented policing and intelligence-led policing, are currently in use by American state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies, and applying the use of intelligence practices to crime in these communities has become a focus of its law enforcement agencies. Can American law enforcement agencies use an intelligence community tool-the intelligence cycle-to deal with career criminals effectively This thesis studies serious-offender programs and the use of the intelligence cycle by American intelligence agencies in order to create a model merging serious offender programs and intelligence cycles. It investigates serious-offender programs and finds that a lack of focus limited the use of the intelligence cycle within the American criminal justice system. This thesis concludes that the use of the intelligence cycle-specifically the FBIs intelligence cycles six steps of requirements, planning and direction, collection, processing and exploitation, analysis and production, and dissemination-can assist a law enforcement agency in focusing its efforts on career criminals.