Analysis of the Capabilities Supporting Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations of the Indonesian Navy (TNI AL) and the United States Marine Corps Marine Expeditionary Unit (USMC MEU)
Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
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The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review emphasized the importance of the Humanitarian AssistanceDisaster Relief HADR mission in rebalancing the Asia-Pacific region. The coupling of the U.S. pivot to the Pacific and the frequency of natural disasters in the vicinity of Sumatra, Indonesia, focused this research project on the disaster response capabilities of the Indonesian Navy Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut TNI AL and the United States Marine CorpsMarine Expeditionary Unit USMC MEU. To examine the gaps between demand and supply, we derived potential demand through the analysis of historical HADR scenarios while garnering potential supply through a study of the TNI AL and USMC MEU organic assets. Through this analysis, we created a capabilities matrix to capture and present both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of HADR demand and available responder supply. This matrix encompasses the general categories of personnel, material, logistics, and communication, and how these categories affect the availability of medical support, sustenance, habitat, and infrastructure. The completed matrix identified regional capability shortfalls that can be addressed to increase future HADR responsiveness. These include the procurement of additional vertical lift, the prepositioning of critical supplies, and the building of population resiliency.