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Review of Attrition and Retention Research for the Canadian Forces

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Technical Report

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National Defence Headquarters Ottawa, Ontario Canada

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This report consists of a review of research concerning attrition and retention in the Canadian Forces CF that has been carried out since 1990. The studies reviewed are categorized into five main areas CF-wide research, research on subgroups of the CF, research on measuring and forecasting attrition, modelling and simulation research, and research on strategies to improve retention. Based on this review, it was found that there is a large degree of consistency in factors impacting retention, both over time and using different assessment tools, despite the changes that have occurred in the CF population. Meanwhile, methods for measuring and forecasting attrition have improved, and continue to evolve.Topics for future research are identified. An important recommendation is that a strong link be made between social science research that looks into the reasons why people choose to leave the military and research directed to subjects such as improving methods for measuring and forecasting attrition.

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