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Post traumatic Headache and Psychological Health: Mindfulness Training for Mild TraumaticBrain Injury

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Technical Report,27 Sep 2014,26 Sep 2015

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill United States

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Traumatic brain injury has been coined the signature injury of OIFOEF, with posttraumatic headache being a cardinal symptom found to be as high as 36 of soldiers with MTBI. Combat-related headaches are undertreated, associated with high sick calls, missed days, negative psychologicalmood states, and impair overall quality of life. Comorbid anxiety, depression, PTSD and other psychological, psychosocial, and health stressors portend poorer TBIheadache outcomes, supporting the need for integrative health care. Development, evaluation, and integration of a specialized posttraumatic headache treatment program into a comprehensive TBI rehabilitation effort is critical to restoration of function, health, and quality of life of our soldiers. This project addresses multiple FY09 TBIPH topic areas by validating an evidence-based, mind-body approach for prevention and treatment of post-TBI headache, stress, and associated psychological health issues in order to restore function, enhance wellbeing, prevent post-TBI headache chronification, develop psychological resilience, and promote long-standing health benefits. The focus of this project is on evaluation of mindfulness based stress reduction as one, potentially critical component of a comprehensive rehabilitative effort for this group of MTBI patients.

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