Anomalous Ground State of the Electrons in Nano-confined Water
University of Houston Houston United States
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Water confined on the scale of 20, is known to have different transport and thermodynamic properties from that of bulk water, and the proton momentum distribution has recently been shown to have qualitatively different properties from that exhibited in bulk water. The electronic ground state of nano-confined water must be responsible for these anomalies buthas so far not been investigated. We show here for the first time, using x-ray Compton scattering and a computational model, that the ground state configuration of the valence electrons in a particular nano-confined water system, Nafion, is so different from that of bulk water that the weakly electrostatically interacting molecule model of water is clearly inapplicable. We argue that this as a generic property of nano-confinement. The present results demonstrate that the electrons, and hence the protons as well, of nano-confined water are in a distinctly different quantum state from that of bulk water. Biological cell function must make use of the properties of this state and cannot be expected to be described correctly by empirical models based on the weakly interacting molecules model.