Efficient Processing of Acoustic Signals for High Rate Information Transmission over Sparse Underwater Channels
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge United States
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For underwater acoustic channels where multipath spread is measured in tens of symbol intervals at high transmission rates, multichannel equalization required for bandwidth-efficient communications may become prohibitively complex for real-time implementation. To reduce computational complexity of signal processing and improve performance of data detection, receiver structures that are matched to the physical channel characteristics are investigates. A decision-feedback equalizer is designed which relies on an adaptive channel estimator to compute its parameters. The channel estimate is reduced in size by selecting only the significant components, whose delay span is often much shorter than the multipath spread of the channel. Optimal coefficient selection sparsing is performed by truncation in magnitude. This estimate is used to cancel the post-cursor ISI prior to linear equalization. Spatial diversity gain is achieved by a reduced-complexity pre-combining method which eliminates the need for a separate channel estimatorequalizer for each array element. The advantages of this approach are reduction in the number of receiver parameters, optimal implementation of sparse feedback, and efficient parallel implementation of adaptive algorithms for the pre-combiner, the fractionally-spaced channel estimators and the short feed forward equalizer filters. Receiver algorithmis applied to real data transmitted at 10 kbps over 3 km in shallow water, showing excellent results.