On-Column Micro Gas Chromatography Detection with Capillary-Based Optical Ring Resonators
Journal Article - Open Access
University of Missouri-Columbia Columbia United States
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We developed a novel on-column micro gas chromatographyGC detector using capillary based optical ring resonators CBORRs. The CBORR is a thin-walled fused silica capillary with an inner diameter ranging from a few tens to a few hundreds of micrometers. The interior surface of the CBORR is coated with a layer of stationary phase for gas separation. The circular cross section of the CBORR forms a ring resonator and supports whispering gallery modes WGMs that circulate along the ring resonator circumference hundreds of times. The evanescent field extends into the core and is sensitive to the refractive index change induced by the interaction between the gas sample and the stationary phase. The WGM can be excited and monitored at any location along the CBORR by placing a tapered optical fiber against the CBORR, thus enabling on-column real-time detection. Rapid separation of both polar and nonpolar samples was demonstrated with subsecond detection speed. Theoretical work was also established to explain the CBORR detection mechanism. While low-nanogram detection limits are observed in these preliminary tests, many methods for improvements are under investigation. The CBORR is directly compatible with traditional capillary GC columns without any dead volumes. Therefore, the CBORR-based GC is a very promising technology platform for rapid, sensitive, and portable analytical devices.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment