Irans Nuclear Program: Tehrans Compliance with International Obligations
Congressional Research Service Washington United States
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Iran ratified the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NPT in 1970. Article III of the treaty requires non-nuclear-weapon states-parties1 to accept comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA safeguards Tehran concluded a comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA in 1974.2 In 2002, the agency began investigating allegations that Iran had conducted clandestine nuclear activities the IAEA ultimately reported that some of these activities had violated Tehrans safeguards agreement. Following more than three years of investigation, the IAEA Board of Governors referred the matter to the U.N. Security Council in February 2006. Since then, the council adopted six resolutions requiring Iran to take steps to alleviate international concerns about its nuclear program. This report provides a brief overview of Irans nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the IAEA board and the Security Council.