The Effects of Hydrodynamic Stretch on the Flame Propagation Enhancement of Ethylene by Addition of Ozone
US Air Force Research Laboratory Wright-Patterson Air Force Base United States
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The effect of O3 on C2H4synthetic-air flame propagation at sub-atmospheric pressure was investigated through detailed experiments and simulations. A Hencken burner provided an ideal platform to interrogate flame speed enhancement, producing a steady, laminar, nearly one-dimensional, minimally curved, weakly stretched, and nearly adiabatic flame that could be accurately compared with simulations. The experimental results showed enhancement of up to 7.5 in flame speed for 11 000ppm of O3 at stoichiometric conditions. Significantly, the axial stretch rate was also found to affect enhancement. Comparison of the flames for a given burner exit velocity resulted in the enhancement increasing almost 9 over the range of axial stretch rates that was investigated. Two dimensional simulations agreed well with the experiments in terms of flame speed, as well as the trends of enhancement. Rate of production analysis showed that the primary pathway for O3 consumption was through reaction with H, leading to early heat release and increased production of OH.