Bayesian Inference for Source Reconstruction: A Real-World Application
Journal Article - Open Access
DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SUFFIELD (CANADA) SUFFIELD
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This paper applies a Bayesian probabilistic inferential methodology for the reconstruction of the location and emission rate from an actual contaminant source emission from the Chalk River Laboratories medical isotope production facility using a small number of activity concentration measurements of a noble gas Xenon-133 obtained from three stations that form part of the International Monitoring System radionuclide network. The sampling of the resulting posterior distribution of the source parameters is undertaken using a very efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo technique that utilizes a multiple-try differential evolution adaptive Metropolis algorithm with an archive of past states. It is shown that the principal difficulty in the reconstruction lay in the correct specification of the model errors both scale and structure for use in the Bayesian inferential methodology. In this context, two different measurement models for incorporation of the model error of the predicted concentrations are considered. The performance of both of these measurement models with respect to their accuracy and precision in the recovery of the source parameters is compared and contrasted.
- Statistics and Probability