Wave Forces on a Wall Shoreward of the Still-Water Line
US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Vicksburg United States
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The Shore Protection Manual SPM 1984, Section 7.III.4.b, presents an older method for determining wave forces on a wall shoreward of the still-water line. A need was recognized to update the method to incorporate the present state of knowledge on runup and surge forces. The method presented herein uses the results of Cross 1967 for determining forces due to a surge across dry ground, i.e., ground between the still-water line and the wall.