Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States
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The Navys Littoral Combat Ship LCSFrigate program is a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs. The modified LCSs are to be referred to as frigates. Prior to December 14, 2015, Navy plans called for procuring a total of 52 LCSs and frigates. A December 14, 2015, memorandum from Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter to Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus directed the Navy to reduce the LCSFrigate program to a total of 40 ships. The memorandum also directed the Navy to neck down to a single builder of the ships starting with the ships to be procured in FY2019. The ships are currently built by two shipyards.The first LCS was funded in FY2005, and a total of 26 have been funded through FY2016. The Navys proposed FY2016 budget requested the procurement of three LCSs. The Navy estimated the combined procurement cost of these three ships at 1,437.0 million, or an average of 479.0 million each. The three ships had received a total of 80 million in prior-year advance procurement AP funding, and the Navys FY2016 budget requested the remaining 1,357.0 million needed to complete their combined procurement cost. From 2001 to 2014, the program was known simply as the Littoral Combat Ship LCS program, and all 52 then-planned ships were referred to as LCSs. In 2014, at the direction of Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, the program was restructured. As a result of the restructuring, the final 20 ships in the program ships 33 through 52, which were to be procured in FY2019 and subsequent fiscal years, were to be built to a revised version of the baseline LCS design, and were to be referred to as frigates rather than LCSs.
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