Defense Health Care: Research on Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington
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TBI and PTSD are signature wounds for servicemembers returning from the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Within the military, the majority of TBI cases have been classified as mild. Studies have found that one-third or more of servicemembers with mild TBI also have PTSD. As an alternative to traditional treatments, some researchers have studied the use of HBO2 therapy, which delivers higher levels of oxygen to the body inside of pressurized hyperbaric chambers to promote healing. The Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, included a provision for GAO to review the use of HBO2 therapy to treat TBI and PTSD.