Evaluation of the Military Spouse Employment Partnership: Progress Report on First Stage of Analysis
RAND Corporation National Defense Research Institute Santa Monica United States
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Military service places distinct demands on service members and their families U.S. Department of the Treasury and U.S. Department of Defense, 2012. In particular, frequent relocations can complicate military spouses career trajectories Booth, 2003 Booth, Falk, Segal,and Segal, 2000 Harrell, Lim, Weber, and Golinelli, 2004 Lim, Golinelli, and Cho, 2007. It is well documented that these frequent moves can have negative effects on the spouses ability to find employment in occupations of their choosing, earn wages that match their skills, and maintain long-term careers Cooke and Speirs, 2005 Harrell, Lim, Weber, and Golinelli, 2004 Lim and Schulker, 2010. Previous research has found that, compared with their civilian counterparts, military spouses are more likely to be unemployed jobless, but actively seeking work or underemployed either working part-time involuntarily or having higher levels of education than required for their jobs Lim and Schulker, 2010 Maury and Stone, 2014.Recognizing the challenges facing military families and military spouses in particular, the White House published a directive in 2011 ordering the Department of Defense to expand the Army Spouse Employment Partnership, which had recruited 52 employer partners since its inception in 2003 to assist military spouses seeking private-sector careers, to serve Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force spouses White House, 2011, p. 17. The Military Spouse Employment Partnership was launched on June 29, 2011.footnote1 It is one of four initiatives under the Spouse Education and Career Opportunities SECO program.