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Measuring the Blast and Ballistic Performance of Armor

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Technical Report,01 Jan 2005,31 Mar 2015

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Naval Research Laboratory Washington United States

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This report relates to the discovery and development by the authors of armor designs using certain elastomers applied as coatings to the front side of rigid substrates, to increase the ballistic and blast performance of armor. This has led to much activity intended to optimize and exploit the technology for various applications, both military and civilian. Since armor improvements of even a few percent are substantial, quantifying the performance of armor materials requires high accuracy. Herein we describe test methods and analyses useful in achieving measurements of sufficient quality. Since the optimal design of any armor, conventional or advanced, depends on the threat i.e., the nature of the projectile and its mass and energy single- versus multiple-hit defeat, we describe how performance attributes can be quantified and valid comparisons made between different armor designs.

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