Mathematical Models of Military Water Supply Systems.
Final rept. 1 Oct 69-30 Sep 73,
VMI RESEARCH LABS LEXINGTON VA
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The application of operations research to military water supply systems in combat is studied and models for water production facilities location and relocation are formulated. The models are divided into two categories static and dynamic. Static or single period models consider a single set of demand points to be served from a set of candidate sites for water purification equipment, whereas the dynamic models, the set of demand points changes location over time and, alternatives exist to relocate purification equipment. Several special cases are considered and a solution technique is developed for general case. The models range in size from an 4750-man airborne brigade to a 60,000-man Corps containing four divisions. The algorithm is also used in a wargame model. The number and sizes of water purification equipment used in the models is varied in computer runs in order to analyze the effect of the equipment location on distribution costs. Results of the models indicate that the optimal location of water production facilities can substantially reduce distribution costs of potable water. Author
- Operations Research
- Civil Engineering
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies