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NATO Combat Capabilities Study. Volume IV. Impact of Losses and Replacements on Unit Combat Capability (Task 5).

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Todays military force planning and analysis effort is limited to certain areas because of the lack of supporting data or acceptable planning methodologies. Two areas in particular are of concern 1 the rate and total loss of men and equipment as a function of changing combat activity, and 2 the impact these losses, with possible replacements, have on the units ability to fight effectively. These two areas of concern were studies from an attrition and replacement point of view based on data sources as currently available. Data from the US Army War College provided a basis for calculating replacement effectiveness values. Casualty data from a new historical survey of WWII battles in Italy were reviewed to determine casualty rates as a function of battle characteristics. Equipment losses from battle and nonbattle causes, as well as equipment replacements due to support force capability were compiled, analyzed and incorporated into an equipment availability routine. Based on these data sources and the insights gained from their analysis, new and improved methods were developed to assess the effects of personnel and equipment losses and their replacements on the combat effectiveness of military units. The methods developed by the study include 1 An algorithm for measuring unit combat effectiveness as a function of personnel losses and the effectiveness of replacement personnel measured by their time in theater and time in unit 2 An equipment attrition algorithm that considers battle and nonbattle equipment losses, the replacement of such losses, and the maintenance cycle for repairable equipment items.

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  • Computer Programming and Software
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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