Aerodynamic Characteristics of an Ejection Seat Escape System with a Stabilization Parachute at Mach Numbers from 0.3 Through 1.2
ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER ARNOLD AFB TN
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A test was conducted in the 16-ft Transonic Wind Tunnel of the Propulsion Wind Tunnel Facility to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.5-scale ejection seat escape system and to determine the stability effects of a stabilization parachute attached to the back of the ejection seat model. The results were obtained for both simulated rocket-off and rocket-on conditions through a model angle-of-attack range from 0 to 30 deg and an angle-of-yaw range from 0 to 15 deg. High-pressure air was used to simulate the escape rocket jet plume at a sea-level altitude. Over the test range of this investigation, the results show that the ejection seat model was statically unstable but became longitudinally and directionally stable with the parachute using the three- and four-point bridle assemblies. Jet simulation and model yaw angle had little effect on the ejection seat longitudinal stability however, jet simulation increased the parachute drag coefficient.
- Gliders and Parachutes
- Fluid Mechanics