The Prediction of Solar Proton Events Based on Solar Radio Emissions.
Environmental research papers,
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS HANSCOM AFB MA
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The short-term prediction of solar proton events based on a distinct U-shaped radio burst signature is verified. The prediction technique uses peak flux density values of discrete frequency solar radio burst observations in the 100 to 10,000 MHz region. The criteria are applied to all major proton events from 1952 to 1969 and afford almost total success in predicting near-earth particle events that emanated from visible hemisphere regions of the sun. A correlation between U-shaped radio burst signatures and solar proton events as detected by the ATS-1 satellite, during 1967 and 1968, is also shown to be highly successful. Finally, a modified U-shaped criterion is set forth for the accurate short-term prediction of polar cap absorption events that result in at least a 2.0 dB riometer measurement of absorption. This modified spectral configuration is then correlated with the major absorption events of the current solar cycle and it is found that prediction occurred for all principal PCA events that originated from visible solar hemisphere flares. Author
- Atmospheric Physics