Adsorption of Formaldehyde by Various Surfaces During Gaseous Decontamination
FORT DETRICK FREDERICK MD
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Study of the effect of atmospheric relative humidity RH on the adsorption of paraformaldehyde-generated formaldehyde gas on various surfaces, and the effect of the adsorbed formaldehyde on the death rate of bacterial spores, showed that increasing the RH caused a corresponding increase of formaldehyde levels on all surfaces. The amount peaked at 83 RH. The levels obtained at 100 RH were slightly below those at 83 RH. Cotton cloth had a much greater affinity for the gas at all RH than either glass or stainless steel. The death rate of bacterial spores on surfaces containing adsorbed formaldehyde was high for the 1st hour after removal from the formaldehyde atmosphere but decreased rapidly thereafter. This held true for both cotton and glass surfaces. Also, formaldehyde levels of 15 to 27 microgramsml nutrient broth caused inhibition of bacterial growth, but levels above 27 microgramsml rendered broth sterile.
- Hygiene and Sanitation
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare