The Production and Properties of Reactor Fuels
FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH
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A review of existing and prespective fuels for nuclear reactors is given. Manufacturing processes for each type of fuel are described and their physical and chemical characteristics are given with respect to reactor application. Presented data show that uranium and plutonium compounds and alloys come into consideration as nuclear fuels. At present uranium dioxide and metallic uranium and its alloys are most commonly used. For advanced reactors, fuels with higher heat conductivity, mass density and thermal stability are being investigated high stability towards reactor internal radiation is also required. The results of research confirm that uranium and plutonium carbides and nitrides meet these requirements. Their raw materials for reactor fuels involves a new manufacturing technology and processes coupled with requirements for increased protective measures against radiation and chemical hazards.
- Fission Reactor Materials