The Energy Budget and Climatological Description of the Atmosphere over the Florida Peninsula when a Convective Regime Dominates.
FLORIDA STATE UNIV TALLAHASSEE DEPT OF METEOROLOGY
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In order to assess the role played by convective processes in the vertical transfer of energy and the implications such processes have on the larger scale motions of the atmosphere, the mean structure and energy budget over the Florida Peninsula have been studied, when the convective scale is the dominant scale of motion present. The summer season June, July and August has been identified as the convectively dominated period. The identification was quantitatively determined by utilizing the characteristic spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall when convective processes are dominant over the Florida Peninsula. The mean thermodynamic and kinematic structure of the summer season was examined, using OO GMT and 12 GMT radiosonde data for the period 1957-1965, from ten observing stations in or near the Florida Peninsula. Comparisons of the atmospheric structure found during the summer were made with the fall, winter, and spring seasons. The summer season showed weak north-south gradients of temperature and moisture, relatively light wind speeds and weak vertical shear of the zonal wind component. The other seasons all showed stronger north-south gradients of temperature and moisture, generally higher wind speeds and significant vertical shears of the zonal wind component. Author