Transportability Study. Household Goods Shipping Containers
MILITARY TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT COMMAND NEWPORT NEWS VA TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AGENCY
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A transportability study of household goods shipping containers was performed, covering four representative types of commercial and military design containers. Containers were subjected to highway transport over roads ranging from marginal gravel roads to interstate highways, to drop tests from a height of 24 inches to simulate adverse terminal-handling conditions, and to rail coupling impact tests at speeds up to 9.5 miles per hour. Although testing was limited to land transport modes and terminal handling, results were compared with previous findings for air and water. Wooden containers with bolted or lag screw construction were found to be superior to those with nailed construction. A prototype metal container was found to be uneconomical and structurally deficient. Internal moisture from condensation was found to be a widespread problem area. A proposed container configuration, intermodal in nature, and a test procedure are presented, along with suggestions for implementing their use. The new container configuration is proposed to replace the present U.S. Army Type II container, while the test procedure will provide a uniform means of evaluating containers built within the proposed configuration.
- Containers and Packaging