Cultural Differences in Reaction to Failure.
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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Differences in reaction to personal failure between Western and Far Eastern cultures are explained by differences in cognitive organization. American students who had failed and some who had excelled were compared to similar Far Eastern students. American students react to failure by maintaining a low interrelationship among all the variables studied the interpersonal failure message and intrapersonal cognitions about the self indicating a somewhat flexible cognitive organization. The Far Eastern students react to failure by showing a low relationship between the failure message and self cognitions, and a high, inflexible, interrelationship among the self cognitions. The findings have practical significance for social and economic development in the Far East. Author
- Sociology and Law